The EU has built 1,000km of border walls since fall of Berlin Wall

The EU has built 1,000km of border walls since fall of Berlin Wall

European Union states have built over 1,000km of border walls since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, a brand new research into Fortress Europe has discovered.

Migration researchers have quantified the continent’s anti-immigrant infrastructure and located that the EU has gone from simply two walls within the 1990s to 15 by 2017.

Ten out of 28 member states stretching from Spain to Latvia have now built such border walls, with a pointy improve in the course of the 2015 migration panic, when seven new obstacles had been erected.

Despite celebrations this 12 months that the Berlin Wall had now been down for longer than it was ever up, Europe has now accomplished the equal size of six Berlin walls throughout the identical interval. The obstacles are largely targeted on preserving out undocumented migrants and would-be refugees.

The erection of the obstacles has additionally coincided with the rise of xenophobic events throughout the continent, with 10 out of 28 seeing such events win greater than half 1,000,000 votes in elections since 2010.

“Europe’s personal historical past exhibits that constructing walls to resolve political or social points comes at an unacceptable value for liberty and human rights,” Nick Buxton, researcher on the Transnational Institute and editor of the report mentioned.

“Ultimately it would additionally hurt those that construct them because it creates a fortress that nobody needs to stay in. Rather than constructing walls, Europe must be investing in stopping the wars and poverty that fuels migration.”

Tens of hundreds of folks have died making an attempt emigrate into Europe, with one estimate from June this 12 months placing the determine at over 34,000 since the EU’s basis in 1993. A complete of 3,915 fatalities had been recorded in 2017.

The report additionally checked out eight EU maritime rescue operations launched by the bloc, seven of which had been carried out particularly by the EU’s border company Frontex.

The researchers discovered that none of the operations, all performed within the Mediterranean, had the rescue of folks as their principal aim – with all of them targeted on “eliminating criminality in border areas and slowing down the arrival of displaced peoples”.

Just one, Operation Mare Nostrum, which was carried out by the Italian authorities, included humanitarian organisations in its fleets. It has since been scrapped and changed by Frontex’s Operation Triton, which has a smaller finances.

“These measures result in refugees and displaced peoples being handled like criminals,” Ainhoa Ruiz Benedicto, researcher for Delàs Center and co-author of the report mentioned.

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At the June European Council, EU leaders had been accused by NGOs of “intentionally condemning weak folks to be trapped in Libya, or die at sea”, after they backed the stance of Italy’s populist authorities and condemned rescue boats working within the sea.

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